Making a child abuse report in Maryland requires no proof, just a suspicion. A child abuse investigation can happen to any parent with a statement made to authorities. Here's what to know about the reporting of child abuse:
Suspect child abuse? – Maryland wants everyone to report those suspicions;
When suspecting abuse, a person needs to call in a report; And
Abuse reported, what happens next?
Suspicious A Child is Being Abused? – Maryland Wants You to Report It
Maryland is one of a handful of states that compels all its citizens to report suspicions of child abuse or neglect. Before 2019 police officers, healthcare professionals, educators, and social workers were the only mandated child abuse reporters. A new Family Law code came to be in 2019 that obligates all Marylanders to report suspicions of abuse or neglect.
This new law supplies a broader net of people to prevent or stop abuse. Lawmakers thought it necessary to allow all Marylanders the ability to help some of our most vulnerable citizens, children.
If we are all responsible for reporting suspicions of child abuse, we must recognize the signs of abuse. Abuse occurs in four ways; physical, sexual, neglect, or mental. Signs of abuse include:
Physical Abuse Signs
The child appears frightened of a parent
Seems anxious, scared, aggressive, or withdrawn
Abuses animals or pets
Sexual Abuse Signs
Difficulty walking or sitting
Experiences bruising or bleeding in the genital area
Engages in self-harm
Bizarre or knowledgeable understanding of inappropriate sexual behavior.
Begs for or steals food
Frequently absent from school
Dirty with severe body odor
Clothing is not weather appropriate
Mental Abuse Signs
Unattached to parent or caregiver
Exhibits extremes in behavior, like passiveness or aggression
Inappropriately assumes roles of an adult at home or acts infantile for their age
When a person sees these signs and suspects abuse may be the case, it is an obligation to report the proper authorities' allegation.
Reporting the Alleged Abuse
Once someone recognizes potential signs of abuse in a child, they need to report those suspicions to the proper outlets. First and foremost, if the child is in immediate danger, then the first place to report the abuse is 911. Law enforcement will respond promptly to assess the situation and remove the child if necessary.
However, most child abuse cases occur behind closed doors, so seeing the immediate danger is a rare occurrence. Usually, we see the aftereffects of the abuse. There is another way to report suspicions of child abuse.
Name of child and parent, as well as the home address
Present whereabouts of the child
Age of the child or at least an approximation
Names and ages of other children in the home
Nature and extent of any injuries or sexual abuse or neglect to the child
Any information about earlier possible abuse
Identity of individual or individuals alleged to commit the abuse
Remember, reporting suspicions of child abuse is anonymous. There is no need to give your information for the report. Anyone can make a report without the risk of repercussions such as threats of harm from the accused.
Unusual, to say the least, especially since the state has criminal penalties for filing a false police report. Ensure that the notification information is truthful and correct as to what was seen or believed to have taken place.
A belief that abuses occurred does not mean a false allegation in the eyes of the law. Authorities investigate all reports to figure out their legitimacy. Sometimes a report is made because an innocent injury looked like something that might occur in an abusive situation.
The Department of Social Services, DSS, decides how a report gets handled.
What Happens After the Report of Abuse is Filed?
After someone calls in a report of alleged abuse, the DSS will evaluate the report to decide if it meets abuse or neglect criteria. If meeting requirements, then one of two courses of action occurs Investigative Response or Alternative Response.
This dual pathway separates high-risk and low-risk cases. High-risk cases go through the Investigative Response, while low-risk cases get the Alternative Response.
An Investigative Response is just that, an investigation into the allegations of child abuse. This response focuses on a forensic assessment and making a "finding" of abuse or not.
A case in which DSS believes child abuse happened gets handed over to Child Protective Services, CPS. Once the case goes to CPS, a social worker contacts the accused family to assess the needs and supply the appropriate services needed.
In this scenario, CPS may remove a child for their safety and the abuser arrested for child abuse. A criminal investigation begins if sufficient evidence confirms the report of abuse.
A newer approach to handle child abuse reports in Maryland is the Alternative Response method. DHS reserves this process for low-risk reports of neglect or abuse. Here DHS works with the family to provide help without a formal investigation or finding of abuse or neglect.
Families are more receptive to the Alternative Response approach because the caseworker is there to help and not investigate. This approach gives families the resources to work through their difficulties with the services the DHS provides. Families working together to overcome the problems they face is the goal of Alternative Response.
Not all reports of child abuse made are accurate. There are many instances mistaken as a sign of abuse; injuries from sports, roughhousing, or simply being a kid, to name a few. Upon further questioning and talking with the family, the allegations are false.
The reporter did not falsely report abuse; they just said what they believed to be signs of abuse. And that is what Maryland wants us as citizens to do, report any signs or suspicions of abuse.
The state airs on the side of caution because many children do not speak up themselves about the abuse they face. Anyone facing allegations of child abuse should take precautions of their own, too. Contacting a lawyer who handles abuse cases supplies an advocate for you and your family.
No family is perfect, and when an outsider sees a snapshot of the family's life, they cannot honestly know that abuse occurred. Kids do stupid things, and parents yell at them, sometimes using language that appears abusive but said because of the heat of the moment.
How many of us talked back to our parents only for them to snatch us up by the collar and give us a good tongue lashing about respecting them. Nowadays, an outside witness may see that behavior as abuse.
If CPS, DSS, or DHS comes calling with accusations of child abuse, remember you have rights. An experienced criminal attorney knows how the system works and what to do to protect yourself and your family.